December 18, 2015

Fiscal Incentives to Eligible Renewable Energy Companies

The global energy system based on hydrocarbons is undergoing a foundational shift. Global demand for electricity is expected to rise by more than 80 percent from 2010 to 2040, driven by increases in population and GDP. Approximately 20 percent of global electricity generation now comes from renewable energy sources. Renewables accounted for over half of total net additions to electricity generating capacity worldwide in 2012. Energy generation from renewables is expected to increase by almost three times its 2010 level in 2035, with the share in energy generation mix increasing to 31 percent (KPMG, 2013). Click here to read full report
December 14, 2015

Ghana: Implications of the Rising Interest Costs to Government

One important feature of fiscal management in Ghana in the last few years has been the rapid rise in government borrowing, not just a rise in real debt but also a rise in debt/GDP ratio, pushing the country into a debt trap. With the country posting double-digit fiscal deficits in three consecutive years since 2012 and financed through increased indebtedness, the government is now confronted with a huge and increasing interest payment burden. This paper looks at the trends in interest costs to the government, causes, and what needs to be done to ensure an efficient management of the country’s debt. Click here to read full report
November 30, 2015

Public Debt and Sustainability: Whither Ghana?

Ghana’s public debt stock has risen substantially since it enjoyed HIPC/MDRI debt relief in 2005-2006. The highly expansionary scal position in 2006-2008, nanced by external borrowing, triggered a very rapid deterioration in the country’s debt sustainability. This trend was amplied by the resulting balance of payments pressures and currency depreciation, which led to a revaluation of foreign currency-denominated claims relative to domestic GDP. The debt surge was effectively stemmed when the country’s access to market nancing was closed off due to the global nancial crisis in 2008-2009. Huge increases in the issuance of domestic currency debt, alongside increased borrowing from […]
November 5, 2015

IFS and NRGI host Budget 2016 Forum

The Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS) and the National Resource Governance Institute (NRGI) jointly hosted a forum on the 2016 budget on November 5 at the Alisa Hotel in Accra. The theme for the forum was: Making the Most of Petroleum Revenues. Nana Frimpong Anokye, Omanhene of the Agona Traditional Area and a Member of the Governing Council of IFS, chaired the event, which also had in attendance Mr. Alex Ashiagbor, the Governing Council Chairman, and Dr. Kwabena Duffuor, Founder of IFS. In an opening address to the forum, Mr. Alex Ashiagbor said the main idea for the event was […]
August 31, 2015

The Falling Crude Oil Prices: Mitigating the Risk

Crude oil prices have been falling sharply on the international petroleum market since July 2014. For Ghana, this poses a serious threat in the sense that, this phenomenon could lead to significant reduction in oil revenue which could worsen the projected fiscal deficit in 2015 and in the medium term. This development will naturally have serious negative implications for macroeconomic stability and economic growth in the country. Ghana’s economic recovery therefore seems to be inextricably linked to oil prices recoveries. The recovery also hinges critically on the government’s ability to mitigate the negative consequences of the oil price fall. This […]
July 31, 2015

Ghana’s 2015-17 IMF Program

Ghana’s medium-term development prospects have been put at risk after two decades of strong and broadly inclusive growth, due to large fiscal and external imbalances in recent years which have led to a slowdown of economic growth. To address these imbalances and safeguard the bright medium term prospects of the economy, the government embarked on its homegrown economic and financial program, but policy slippages, exogenous shocks, rising interest costs, and acute power shortages undermined the effort. With no option left, the government approached the IMF for a medium term program to enable the country obtain some balance of payments support […]
June 1, 2015

Ghana: Public Debt and Debt Sustainability Issues

Ghana’s public debt situation has worsened in recent years and the country now faces a high risk of debt distress and increased overall debt vulnerability. Total public debt service-to-revenue ratio (including payments on external and domestic debt) has not only assumed a rapidly increasing path but has breached its indicative long term threshold. Debt service now absorbs a large part of domestic revenues, leaving the country vulnerable to shocks. All other debt indicators have deteriorated owing to deteriorated domestic and external borrowing conditions, weak fiscal consolidation, and weakening of the domestic currency. Maintaining the country’s debt sustainability will require a […]
December 30, 2014

Ghana: A Review of the 2015 Budget

Ghana is currently facing serious economic crisis. The country is experiencing a rapidly declining economic growth, double digit deficits for two years running, current account deficits also in double digits, and a public debt stock which is almost above the sustainable threshold. The domestic currency witnessed a rapid depreciation in the first three-quarters of 2014 amid dwindling foreign reserves and inflation which has crawled back to double digits since January 2013. To address the economic crisis requires a strong fiscal adjustment in the short term and structural transformation over the medium to long term. Fiscal consolidation has to aim at […]